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What is difference between monocot and dicot?

difference between monocot and dicot is that The monocots are flowering plants whose seeds have one cotyledon and dicots are those flowering plants whose seeds have two cotyledons. A cotyledon is a structure similar to a leaf found in the seed, it is an embryonic leaf.

difference between monocot and dicot

Within the kingdom of plants, those plants with seeds are divided into gymnosperm and angiosperms. Angiosperms are the group of plants that have flowers, within which we get monocotyledons and dicotyledons or eudicotyledons.

CharacteristicMonocotiledóneaDicot
DefinitionClass of plants whose seeds have a cotyledonClass of plant whose seeds have two cotyledons
Phylogenetic classLiliopsidaMagnoliopsida
Type of plantsHerbaceousAnnuals and trees
Seed germinationHypogeaEnigma or hypogea
LeavesSimple, isobilateral symmetry, parallel veinsSimple or complex, dorsiventral symmetry, reticulated veins
StemsSolid or hollowSolids
CambiumAbsentPresent
Vascular beamsScatteredConcentric
Root systemAdventitia, diameter does not varyDerived, diameter increases in size
flowersNumber of petals equal to 3 or its multiplesNumber of petals equal to 4 or 5 or their multiples
ExamplesRice ( Oryza sativa ), corn ( Zea corn ), banana or banana ( Musa sp)Grape ( Vitis vinifera ), beans ( Phaseolus sp.), Mango ( Mangifera sp.)

What is a monocot?

A monocot is a kind of plant that produces flowers (class Liliopsida) whose seeds have a cotyledon. They are predominantly herbaceous.

Seeds

The seeds of monocots have a well-developed endosperm. Starch and proteins necessary for the initial growth of the plant are stored in the seed. Germination is hypogeal, that is, the cotyledon remains underground.

Monocot leaves

The monocot leaves are simple with isobilateral symmetry. They have parallel veins, soft edges and a long sheath, which covers the stem. Stomata are distributed equally on leaf surfaces.

Root and stem

The main root is not developed and the root system is adventitious.

The stem can be hollow or full. Vascular bundles are scattered along the stem. The stems and roots have no cambium and their diameter does not vary.

flowers

The flowers have a simple chalice with multiple numbers of petals of three.

Examples of monocots

This class contains 25% of flowering plants and is divided into the following subclasses:

  • Alismatidae,
  • Liliidae
  • Arecidae
  • Commelinidae

The most important families are Poaceae (oats, rice, wheat), Liliaceae (onion, garlic, tulips), Bromeliaceae (bromeliads and pineapples), Orchidaceae (orchids), Iridaceae (crocus, gladioli, and iris).

What is dicot?

Dicotyledon (Magnoliopsida class) is a class of flowering plants whose seeds have two lateral cotyledons.

Seeds

Starch, proteins, and fats are stored in the seed, which is used for the initial growth of the plant. The germination of dicotyledons is hypogeal or epigeal, that is, cotyledons may be below or above the earth, respectively. difference between monocot and dicot

Dicotyledonous leaves

The leaves are simple or complex, with dorsoventral symmetry. They have reticulated veins and often with uneven, serrated or sectioned edges. The stomata are on the underside of the leaves.

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