Difference Between Antiseptic And Antibiotic is that The antiseptic is a chemical that can destroy diseases that transmit microorganisms by local application to the skin, cavities or mucous membranes. The antiseptics were first invented by Ignaz Semmelweis in 1847.
Antibiotics are chemicals that have the ability to deactivate or destroy other harmful microorganisms, usually bacteria that cause infections. Penicillin was the first antibiotic, it was discovered in 1929 by Alexander Fleming.
Antiseptics can be applied topically anywhere and, therefore, have multiple areas of activity. They have a non-specific action.
Antibiotics target a specific area or site of the affected organisms.
The antiseptic based on chemical structure: tincture of iodine, sodium ethylmercurithiosalicylate, thimerosal, mild silver protein, merbromine, triiodomethane (Idoform), chlorhexidine (CHX), chloramine (chloramine T) and chlorhexidine hydrochloride.
The antibiotic based on chemical structure: daptomycin, fluoroquinolones, nitrofuration, sulfonamides, co-trimoxazole, monobactams, vancomycin, telithromycin, penicillin derivatives (cephas) and cephalosporins (animal cephalos).
Natural antiseptics: lemon, honey, pineapple, eucalyptus, tea tree oil, lavender, activated charcoal, yarrow, marigold, comfrey, banana, aloe.
Natural antibiotic: olive leaf extract, garlic, green tea, myrrh, colloidal silver, gold seal, echinacea, oregano oil, manuka honey, oregano oil, garlic (extract), cinnamon, fermented foods, ginger, oil of cod liver, cayenne pepper, grapefruit seed extract, and turmeric.
The control over the proliferation of certain microorganisms harmful to human health and development, to the detriment of other benefits to man, is one of the greatest battles of researchers and scientists of all time.
In that constant struggle appeared antibiotics and antiseptics that share the characteristic of being very useful in the suppression of unwanted microorganisms, but at the same time differ in some important aspects of vital.
Antibiotics are known to substances that affect the increase and survival of dissimilar microorganisms through a specific interaction with one or more of its cellular components.
For this reason, the scope of antibiotics has well established and limited limits, which means that they act selectively, varying their effects from one microorganism to another. In addition, with the additional disadvantage that as a result of the selective effect of antibiotics, the bacterial populations on which it affects can be replaced by others, resistant to the same drug.
As for antiseptics, these are substances or chemical compounds that exert their action on microorganisms in a non-specific way with the components of the cells. For this reason, the effect is not selective but much more general. On the other hand, antiseptics are distinguished by their low levels of toxicity so they can be applied to living tissues.
Several of the most recognized and used antiseptics are alcohol, very useful for disinfecting the skin before any surgical action, boric acid, often used to treat vaginal infections, hydrogen peroxide or hydrogen peroxide, which is used on the skin as an oxidizing agent, cathodic detergents, which are applied as algicides in swimming pools, potassium permanganate, very effective in the prevention of fungi, and iodine, which is used in a solution called iodine tincture to disinfect processes Operative. Difference Between Antiseptic And Antibiotic
Antibiotics also have a wide range of specimens, highlighting the frequent use of gentamicin, widely used in severe infections, azithromycin, widely used in various respiratory and streptococcal infections, sulfametizol, for urinary infections, metronidazole, for the fight against anaerobic microorganisms, and finally, tetracycline, of considerable impact in the treatment of chlamydia, syphilis and acne. Difference Between Antiseptic And Antibiotic