Human anatomy

Anatomy is the part of Biology responsible for the study of the constitution of multicellular organisms, that is: their structure and organization, both internal and external. This science is closely linked to Physiology, since it is responsible for the study of the organism’s functions.

Anatomists, generally, have as object of study desiccated pieces, previously prepared to contemplate this objective. In these situations, observation is made only with the naked eye.

Very old, Anatomy was once studied as an auxiliary subject of surgery. The first printed anatomical illustrations were made in the fifteenth century, albeit unrealistic and quite primitive. Some Renaissance artists, such as Leonardo da Vinci, made notable contributions to such representations, made in a more descriptive and real way. This artist was even responsible for naming some of these structures.

It is not uncommon to find differences between anatomical parts of individuals of the same species, whether in shape or even position. When this occurs, but there is no functional impairment for the individual, we speak of anatomical variation. Age, sex and race are some factors that can lead to the emergence of these variations.

In situations in which these differences provide functional disturbances, we speak, in Anatomy, of anomalies, an example being the absence of one or more fingers.

In this section you will find extensive material on Human Anatomy. Discover the texts available here and get very interesting information about our body organization!

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