BIOLOGY

Biology is the science responsible for the study of life: origin, evolution, constitution, functioning, interactions of living beings, abiotic factors and biological events.

Biology: the study of life

Biology is the science responsible for the study of life (in Greek: bios = life; logos = study). So, from a single cell to large animals, there it is. The origin, evolution, constitution, functioning and the interactions that exist and that involve living beings are also aspects that it addresses. More than that, she also studies the abiotic factors, which interfere in the existence of life. Molecules, substances, biological events – and even human-caused actions – also contemplate this science.

Officially emerging as a science in the 18th century, through people who were dedicated to the study of nature; it is present in basically everything that involves our daily lives (remember: it is the science of life!), and it proves to be very important in issues unimaginable two hundred years ago, especially with regard to science and biotechnology, and also the impacts negative effects that human activities have caused.

Like philosophy, Biology can provide subsidies for us to find answers to questions that have accompanied humanity since the beginning: Who are we? Where we came from? What have we come for? where are we going?

Don’t stop now… There’s more after the publicity 😉

An essential tool for discoveries involving science is the scientific method, which, in short, is the search for the “hows” and “whys” of what one wants to study. These are tested through observations and experiments. It is from this process that we can seek answers and apply our acquired knowledge, seeking ways to improve living conditions on our planet.

As it is a very broad science, the study of Biology tends to be conducted from subdivisions. Some of them are:

Anatomy and Physiology: study the structure and functioning of organs and systems.

Botany: responsible for the study of plants.

Ecology: studies the interactions between living beings; and between them and the environment.

Embryology: studies the formation and development of the embryo.

Evolution: responsible for the study of kinship relationships between living beings, and population changes over time.

Genetics: to her is the task of studying the laws of heredity.

Zoology: study of animals.

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